Delayed speech development (PID) and delayed psycho-speech development (PID) are not independent diseases, but only certain symptoms. At the same time, the prevalence of this diagnosis has recently become an epidemic.
We list the main:
- A child at 4 months emotionally does not respond to gestures of adults and does not come alive when his mother addresses him.
- In 8-9 months he does not babble (he does not repeat ba-ba-ba, pa-pa-ta, etc. of combinations), in a year is extremely quiet and almost does not make sounds.
- In a year and a half he does not speak and does not understand simple words, for example, "mom" or "dad", names of surrounding objects. He can not fulfill simple requests like "go here", "sit down".
- In two years he uses only a few separate words and does not try to repeat new words.
- In 2.5 years in the active vocabulary less than 20 words and word-of-mouth. Does not know the names of the surrounding objects and body parts. It can not, at the request, show a familiar object or bring something. He does not know how to write phrases from two words (for example, "give water").
- A three-year-old is hardly understood even by his relatives. He does not say simple sentences, does not understand simple explanations or stories about events in the past or the future.
"At three, he talks too fast, swallowing the words." Or, on the contrary, very slowly, stretching them, although there is no such speech at home.
- In three years he speaks mostly phrases from cartoons and books, but does not build his own proposals. Mirror repeats what adults say to him, even to the point.
If the child has a delay in speech development, then his mental development is violated, and by the age of 5 the diagnosis usually changes to another: the delay of psycho-speech development.
As a rule, the delay in verbal and psycho-speech development is a consequence of brain, central nervous system, genetic or mental disorders. But why they arise, and most importantly, why more often in recent times, classical medicine can not explain.
As a therapy, medications are most often prescribed, which improve metabolic processes in brain cells, microcirculation of blood and impulses in nerve fibers. Such drugs as cortexin, actovegin, coguitum, neuromultivitis, lecithin, really contribute to the restoration of normal functioning of the central and peripheral nervous system.
Often, magnetotherapy, electroreflexotherapy is used to restore certain areas of the brain responsible for mental and speech development. Sometimes unconventional methods are also connected: hippotherapy (treatment with horse riding and training with horses), dolphin therapy.
An important role is played by the work of the defectologist (psychologist), which is aimed at raising the child's mental development level. Art therapy (treatment with the help of drawing), musterapy (treatment with the help of music), subject-sensory therapy can be used in this case: in the cerebral cortex the center of speech and the center of manual motility are located close, and with the development of fine manual motility, the development of the speech center . And, of course, you need to work with a speech therapist.
Complex treatment of a neurologist, speech therapist and psychologist, as a rule, helps to significantly improve the basic indicators of speech and mental development in general. Nevertheless, classical methods do not reveal and, accordingly, do not eliminate a number of initial violations that lead to speech underdevelopment. In other words, these methods are not enough.
According to studies conducted under the guidance of the Institute of Osteopathy, speech disorders in children are accompanied in 100% of cases and, most likely, result from structural damage to the skull and spine.
These injuries most often cause problems during pregnancy and childbirth: premature, prolonged or rapid delivery, a long anhydrous period during labor, birth asphyxia, birth trauma. And, probably, it is the spread of various methods of stimulation in childbirth and the popularity of cesarean section, even without medical indications, that cause the growth of the number of speech development delays.
However, the reasons can be and others: domestic, sports traumas, sometimes even an easy cuff can cause a number of infringements in work of a brain of the child. The result is the same: different areas of the brain start to work incorrectly or not actively. Delays in speech and mental development mean that the sites responsible for speech and intellect have suffered.
And here it is important to know: structural, mechanical damage to the skull and spine can not simply be eliminated with medication, psychotherapy or logopedic work. They can be corrected only physically, manually. This is what osteopathy is doing - human mechanics.
An osteopathic physician, when examined, identifies the affected child as a result of genera or other causes of the zone and acts on them, restoring their correct position and restoring their freedom of movement. As a rule, these are the zones that are most injured in the process of childbirth, namely: 1-2 cervical vertebra, cervico-thoracic spine, occipital-temporal sutures, intraosseous injuries of the occipital bone, main seam in the skull.
As a result, the function of the bone, nervous system and blood supply is restored. Normal blood microcirculation and metabolism in brain cells. As a result, brain nutrition is improved, its work is normalized, behavior and speech are changed. In my practice, the effectiveness of osteopathic treatment with a delay in speech and mental development is 70%. There is also documented statistics.
The Institute of Osteopathy conducted a study of children diagnosed with "dysarthria" - a general hypoplasia of speech. Half of the children (control group) underwent classical treatment with a neurologist, speech therapist and psychologist, and half (experimental) with a speech therapist and an osteopath. After three months, a comprehensive examination showed: osteopathic treatment was more effective than medication.
In the experimental group receiving osteopathic treatment, all the indices were better: emotional excitement decreased in 78% of the children (56% in the control group), restlessness in 61% (45% in the control group), speech impairment in 89% (72% in the control group).
Absolutely in all children of the osteopathic group, the independent speech and the state of the speech apparatus improved (in comparison with 94% and 78% of the children in the control group).
Psycho-speech development improved in 72% (61% in the control group), intelligence increased in 56% (45% in the control group), attention was strengthened in 45% (33% in the control group).
At the same time, in children, who were treated with osteopaths, naturally, the number of disorders at the level of the body structures decreased. This allows us to hope that in the future their development will be more harmonious.