This psychostimulant drug is prohibited for use in sports and is prescribed only for medical reasons.
Phenotropil-has two names: Phenylpiracetam and the second chemical-Phenylpiracetam) - nootropic drug that accelerates metabolism, improves cerebral circulation. Affects the brain as psychoactive substance that facilitates the access of oxygen to the tissues of the brain (hypoxic effect), lowers arterial and intracranial pressure, acts as an effective adaptogen amid stressful situations, speeds up learning, improves memory (talking and reading to become faster). Limits information overload of the brain. Increases cognitive (cognitive) skills, increases motivation for the main activity. Leads to normal human biorhythms.
Phenotropil is an improved version of the nootropic drug called "Piracetam", the trade name "Nootropil". The drug is a formula of Piracetam with the addition of phenyl group to this formula. Due to this, the resulting Phenotropil (Phenylpiracetam) passes much faster through the BBB (Hemato — encephalic barrier) and begins to act within 5-6 hours, unlike Piracetam, which begins to work after a two-week course of administration.
On the effectiveness of Phenotropil is also superior to Piracetam, 30 times faster passing the BBB.
Phenotropil – application in sports:
According to official data, Phenotropil is forbidden for use in sports to competing athletes as possess the obvious psychostimulating means. Phenotropil is listed as a banned substance by the world anti-doping organizations.
There were cases of disqualification of several Russian athletes (biathletes and runners) for a certain period.
The drug is extremely effective, already on the first or second day of reception there is a noticeable surge of strength, increased endurance, strength and physical activity in General.
However, Phenotropil is ineffective for increasing the mass and volume of muscles, as it somewhat lowers appetite and therefore contributes to the reduction of total body weight.
Phenotropil – use as a psychostimulant:
The drug is indispensable to improve human brain activity. It will be especially useful to prepare for exams, to read and remember a lot of information. Extremely effective for focused mental activity. In addition, this tool reduces the need for sleep. Despite this, it is recommended to sleep a minimum of 7-8 hours and take Phenotropil according to the instructions.
How Phenotropil works:
This nootropic helps to effectively restore memory in amnesia, strengthen memory in learning, increases the speed of signal transmission between the left and right hemispheres of the brain, quickly fixed learned skills (for example, driving a car, playing a musical instrument). It also has a positive effect on the integrative functions of the brain (making the best decision, analysis in the selection, complex calculations, planning).
It increases the level of attention, improves the tolerance of brain tissues to hypoxia (low oxygen content) and reduces the toxic effect on brain structures.
Against the background of the drug reduces the symptoms of anxiety, fear, various phobias, emotional tension, seizures, that is, it also acts as a tranquilizer.
The nootropic improves Your mood, and gives a big boost of courage and strength, intervenes in the processes of regulation: inhibition and activation of neural processes. It increases the energy potential and efficiency of the body to solve complex mental problems.
Accelerates metabolism in the brain, has a positive effect on the blood flow of the brain as a whole, significantly improves blood circulation in the areas and tissues of the brain with low blood supply (in areas of the brain prone to ischemia) by increasing the clearance of arteries.
Phenotropil exhibits antioxidant properties, stimulates the recovery processes in tissues. It helps to increase some neurotransmitters (serotonin and dopamine). Nor in any way binds to the receptors of Gamma-aminobutyric acid, and does not affect the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system.
Prevents the emergence of catalepsy (finding the human body in a pathological position caused by schizophrenia or other similar mental diseases) against the background of taking neuroleptic drugs.
Phenotropil reduces the effect of taking sleeping pills, sedatives, reduces the effect of ethanol (ethyl alcohol, alcohol-containing drinks), minimizes the use of certain drugs for non-inhalation anesthesia (for example, Hexobarbital).
Stimulating effect occurs in an ideal environment (the emergence of positive emotions, against the background of long-lived events, or against the background of fantasies about upcoming events in life, the formation of optimism). This is due to the impact on the mechanism of consolidation (ordering and strengthening) of memory.
According to some, this nootropic increases the pain threshold, reducing the sensitivity of pain receptors.
The drug also serves as an adaptogen: anti-stress effect on the background of emotional, mental and physical overload, when the body is in conditions of low or high temperatures.
There is a favorable effect on visual function, increased visual acuity and improved peripheral vision.
Indications for use:
Various diseases of the nervous system, heart and vascular diseases, failure of metabolic functions in the brain, toxic effects on brain tissue, conditions after traumatic brain injuries, atherosclerosis (blockage of cholesterol plaques) of the brain vessels, deterioration of mental abilities, reduced muscle activity.
This also includes neurasthenic state of a person, reduced motivation, weakening of psychomotor functions in various diseases, amnesia, any violations of short-and long-term memory, difficult learning and memorability of information.
Many psychological disorders, depressive episodes of varying duration and severity, apathy, schizophrenia, tremor (convulsions) of the limbs.
It is used for prevention of oxygen saturation disorders of brain tissues, for resistance to stressful situations, to improve the functionality of the body in extreme conditions, to restore biorhythms, rhythm " sleep-wakefulness»
The drug is shown for the abuse of alcoholic beverages, in order to reduce the negative impact on mental function and the suppression of depression in alcoholism.
According to the results of some studies, the use of Phenotropil has a positive effect on the results of recovery after stroke. The number of stroke patients in the history was higher, and they felt better than the people in the control group who took placebo during the "double blind" study (neither the doctor nor the patient does not know that the drug "dummy" and has no effect if we talk about the control group)
The main contraindications:
Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, allergic reactions. In the state of pregnancy and during the period of feeding the drug is prohibited, since the effect of Phenotropil on the course of pregnancy and the effect on the fetus is poorly studied. The drug is contraindicated for children.
Particular caution should be observed when using nootropics for people with severe renal and hepatic insufficiency, with high blood pressure numbers, with severe atherosclerosis, with exacerbations of panic, anxiety, schizophasia and hallucinatory-delusional syndromes.
Violation of falling asleep, no sleep, at the beginning of the reception may be expressed psychomotor agitation, redness of the skin, hypertension, against the background of chronic fatigue syndrome and General fatigue of the body may be drowsiness.
Dosage and methods of use:
The usual single dose-100 -150 mg, taken twice a day, preferably in the morning, the maximum allowable dosage per day is no more than 750 mg.
The duration of the course is from 15 to 30 days,
For athletes is taken 5-7 days before the competition, at a dose of 200-500 mg per day.
Long-term use of Phenotropil does not cause dependence, addiction (does not require an increase in dosage), "withdrawal"syndrome. No carcinogenic and mutagenic effects were observed with long-term use in the standard dosage. The drug is not toxic.
Repeatedly increases the effect of nootropics and drugs for the treatment of depressive States. The combination of such drugs must be approved by a medical specialist.