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Instruction for use: Compound solution of sodium chloride [Potassium chloride + Calcium chloride + Sodium chloride]

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Trade name of the drug Ringer's solution, Ringer's solution, Ringer, Ringer solution

The Latin name of the substance Compound solution of sodium chloride [Potassium chloride + Calcium chloride + Sodium chloride]

Solutio Natrii chloridi composita (Kalii chloridum+ Calcii chloridum+Natrii chloridum) (genus. Solutionis Natrii chloridi compositae (Kalii chloridi+ Calcii chloridi+Natrii chloridi))

Pharmacological groups:

Substitutes for plasma and other blood components in combinations

Regulators of water and electrolyte balance and acid-base balance in the combinations

Model clinical-pharmacological article 1

Pharmacological action. Rehydrating agent, has a detoxification effect, stabilizes the water and electrolyte composition of the blood. When used as a means of replenishment acid-base balance, because of the rapid exit from the bloodstream into the extravasal space, the effect persists for only 30-40 minutes (in connection with which the solution is only suitable for short-term replacement of the acid-base balance).

Indications. Shock, thermal injury, acute blood loss; dehydration; Intestinal fistula; Acute intestinal infections; Therapeutic plasmapheresis; Correction of water and salt balance in acute diffuse peritonitis and intestinal obstruction.

Contraindications. Hypersensitivity, hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, acidosis, CHF, cerebral edema, pulmonary edema, chronic renal failure, concomitant therapy with GCS.

Dosing. IV by drop infusion, at a speed of 60-80 cap / min, or jet. The daily dose for adults - 5-20 ml / kg, if necessary, can be increased to 30-50 ml / kg. The daily dose for children - 5-10 ml / kg, the rate of administration - 30-60 cap / min, with shock dehydration initially injected 20-30 ml / kg. The course of treatment is 3-5 days.

In medical plasmapheresis, enter in a volume that is 2 times greater than the volume of the removed plasma (1,2-2,4 l), in the case of pronounced hypovolemia - in combination with colloidal solutions. The maximum volume of the injected solution is 3 liters / day.

Side effect. Hyperhydration, hypokalemia; Allergic reactions.

Special instructions. In the case of rapid introduction of a large volume, it is necessary to monitor the CBS and the level of electrolytes. A change in blood pH (acidification) leads to a redistribution of K + (a decrease in pH leads to an increase in serum K +).

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