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Cyanocobalamin is the most commonly used form of vitamin B12. It does not occur naturally in living organisms. However, the synthetic form of the vitamin can be converted into an active form such as Methylcobalamin in animals. This results in the release of very little amounts of cyanide which is not harmful. It is more stable and can be easily crystallized. This makes it easy to purify after it has been produced through in vitro synthesis or bacterial fermentation. The cyanide ligand is replaced by other groups such as methyl which are more biologically active. It is useful in the prevention and treatment of low blood levels of the vitamin. The vitamin associates with Intrinsic Factor to help in maintaining good health of the body.
Cyanocobalamin injection is used to treat and prevent a lack of vitamin B12that may be caused by any of the following: pernicious anemia (lack of a natural substance needed to absorb vitamin B12from the intestine); certain diseases, infections, or medications that decrease the amount of vitamin B12absorbed from food; or a vegan diet (strict vegetarian diet that does not allow any animal products, including dairy products and eggs). Lack of vitamin B12may cause anemia (condition in which the red blood cells do not bring enough oxygen to the organs) and permanent damage to the nerves. Cyanocobalamin injection also may be given as a test to see how well the body can absorb vitamin B12. Cyanocobalamin injection is in a class of medications called vitamins. Because it is injected straight into the bloodstream, it can be used to supply vitamin B12to people who cannot absorb this vitamin through the intestine.
Vitamin B-12 is an important vitamin that you usually get from your food. It is mainly found in meat and dairy products. Vitamin B-12 helps make red blood cells and keeps your nervous system working properly.
The form-dimethylbenzimidazole dezoksiadenil kobamida-reductase is a member and is involved in the transfer of methyl moieties formation choline, myelin, methionine, nucleic acids and others.).
Vitamin B12 is helpful with:
Dementia, psychoses, and mood disturbances are but a few of the disorders which have recently been linked to possible vitamin B12 deficiencies.
P / to the in / m, in / in and endolyumbalno; for anemia Addison-Birmera - 100-200 micrograms a day; for anemia Addison-Birmera with symptoms of funicular myelosis and makrotsitarnyh anemia with disorders of the nervous system - 500 micrograms or more per injection (in the first week - every day, then - the intervals between injections to 5-7 days), at the same time prescribe folic acid.
In remission in the absence of phenomena funicular myelosis introduced for maintenance therapy 100 mg 2 times a month, and in the presence of neurological phenomena - on 200-400 mg 2 -4 times a month.
When iron and hemorrhagic anemia - at 30-100 mg 2-3 times a week; with aplastic anemia (especially in children) - 100 micrograms before clinical and hematological improvement; with nutritional anemia in children at an early age and preterm - 30 mg / day for 15 days; in CNS diseases and neurological diseases with pain is administered in increasing doses from 200 to 500 micrograms per dose, and in improvement - 100 mcg / day course - to 2 weeks; traumatic lesions of the peripheral nerves - at 200-400 mcg every other day for 40-45 days; in hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver - 30-60 micrograms per day or 100 mg every other day for 25-40 days; dystrophy in young children, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy - 15-30 mg a day; when funicular myelosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis is sometimes injected into the spinal canal at 15-30 mcg (gradually increasing the dose to 200-250 mg).
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