Parodontitis - inflammation of periodontal tissues, characterized by the destruction of periodontal, bone tissue of the alveoli. Periodontitis, as a rule, is a consequence of gum disease. After 35 years in 50% of cases, the cause of tooth loss are periodontal diseases, incl. periodontitis. Removal of unchanged teeth due to periodontal pathology is almost 5 times greater than their loss from caries and its complications.
Factors contributing to the onset and development of periodontitis:
- Microorganisms that reproduce in dental plaques that adhere closely to the surface of the tooth;
- increase in the viscosity of saliva and a decrease in salivation, which is observed, for example, when taking some drugs, etc .;
- presence of carious cavities;
- Features of the materials from which the seals and dentures are made;
- anomalies in the development of the dentoalveolar system and soft tissues of the vestibule of the mouth;
- diseases of the digestive tract, cardiovascular and endocrine systems (especially diabetes mellitus).
Modern therapy of periodontitis involves the use of conservative methods of etiotropic and anti-inflammatory therapy. As a means of etiotropic treatment, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used that are active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, anaerobes and other microorganisms - Lincocine, Dalacin C, doxycycline, Arlet, Mettogil Denta professional, Cyphran ST, Sanguirythrin 0.2% solution, Lingezin and others. It is also rational to use also antiseptic agents (Dentamet, Stomatophyte, Stomatophyte A, Elyugel, Miramistin, Dr. Thysse Sage, Eludril, Hexicon), sulfonamides (Bactrim), etc. Simultaneously, vogribkovyh drugs - nystatin, fluconazole, etc.
Anti-inflammatory therapy - use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OCI, Holysal, etc.).
Complex therapy of periodontitis involves the use of other drugs and goods of pharmacy range:
Angioprotectors and microcirculation correctors: Solcoseryl dental adhesive paste, etc.
Correctors of bone and cartilage tissue metabolism: Piaascledin 300,
Regenerants and reparants: Solcoseril dental adhesive paste, Ximedon and others.
Immunomodulators: Imudon, CYCLOPHERON liniment, Ginseng tincture, Eleutherococcus extract, etc.
Antihypoxants and antioxidants: Solcoseryl dental adhesive paste, Ascorutin and others.
Vitimins and vitamin-like substances: Ascorbic acid, alpha-Tocopherol acetate, etc.
Adsorbents: Polyphepanum, Enterosgel, Sorbogel, Enterosorb and others.
Biologically active additives: Polibacterin, Neovitin, Artromax, Calcium Active, Primadofilus and others.
Means of oral hygiene: therapeutic and therapeutic-prophylactic toothpastes, special rinses, reducing the deposition of tartar, as well as tooth floss, toothbrushes, etc.