DR. DOPING

Instructions

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Instructions / Instruction for use: Raloxifene (Raloxifenum)

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Pharmacological group

Estrogens, gestagens; Their homologues and antagonists

Nosological classification (ICD-10)

M81.0 Postmenopausal osteoporosis

Menopause osteoporosis, Osteoporosis in menopause, Osteoporosis in menopause, Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, Osteoporosis in the postmenopausal period, Postmenopausal osteoporosis, Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, Perimenopausal osteoporosis, Postmenopausal osteoporosis, Post-menopausal osteoporosis, Postmenopausal osteoporosis, Postmenopausal demineralization of bones, Osteoporosis with estrogen deficiency, Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and after hysterectomy

Code CAS 84449-90-1

Characteristics of Raloxifene

Raloxifene hydrochloride is a substance almost white or pale yellow, very slightly soluble in water.

Pharmacology

Pharmacological action - inhibitory bone resorption, estrogenic.

Selective modulator of estrogen receptors. Acts as an agonist on non-reproductive tissues, as an antagonist - on the reproductive. Selectively attacks estrogen-sensitive membranes, is involved in the regulation of gene expression. Increases the concentration of globulins, binding sex hormones, thyroxine, corticosteroids, with a simultaneous increase in their total content in the blood. Normalizes the processes of bone resorption in the postmenopausal period, increases the mass of bone tissue, reduces calcium loss through the urinary system. Reduces total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, serum fibrinogen and increases subfraction HDL (high-density lipoprotein) -C2.

Quickly absorbed after ingestion. Bioavailability is about 60%. At the "first pass" through the liver is subjected to intense conjugation with glucuronic acid (the absolute bioavailability of the unchanged drug is only 2%). Concentration in the blood is maintained by intestinal hepatic recirculation. In patients with hepatic insufficiency the level of the drug in the blood is 2.5 times higher and correlates with the concentration of bilirubin. T1 / 2 an average of 28 hours. Renal failure significantly prolongs the circulation of raloxifene; in these patients, only 6% of the dose is excreted in urine within 5 days.

Application of Raloxifene

Osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and after hysterectomy (prevention).

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity, thromboembolism (including in the anamnesis), pulmonary embolism and retinal vein thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis, hepatic insufficiency, prolonged immobilization, childbearing age in women, pregnancy, breast-feeding.

pregnancy and lactation

The action category for fetus by FDA is X.

Side effects of Raloxifene

Deep vein thrombosis, thromboembolism, pulmonary vein embolism and retinal vein thrombosis, vasodilation in the first 6 months of treatment, hot flashes, painful spasms of the calf muscles, peripheral edema.

Interaction

Reduces the effect of coumarin derivatives. Kolestyramin reduces bioavailability and blocks intestinal hepatic circulation. Ampicillin lowers Cmax.

Routes of administration

Inside.

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